Puberty and Diabetes

Let us understand and examine this very closely in simple terms. What happens in a child’s body and life when puberty sets in?

Firstly, sex hormones start getting produced in the body due to which puberty sets in. In girls, the hormone is estrogen and in boys the hormone is testosterone. These hormones cause the blood sugar to rise. This is the first diabetic effect that happens in the body of a child with the onset of puberty.

Secondly, with the onset of early teens, the life of a child becomes come complex. Increasing work, peer and social pressure to perform, more complex relationships, and so on. All of these cause stress and stress hormones like cortisol are produced in greater quantity. These stress hormones cause the blood sugar to rise. This (i.e. increasing stress) is the second diabetic effect that happens in a child’s life near the onset of puberty.

Thirdly, the above two chemicals (sex hormones and stress hormones) reduce the effectivity of the insulin on the body cells leading to increased insulin resistance. This is the third diabetic effect that happens in a child’s body at the onset of puberty.

 In simple terms, the onset of puberty exerts a strong diabetic effect on children.